jump to navigation

Coming Soon: Real Androids! February 4, 2012

Posted by Mary W. Matthews in Popular Culture, Random Observations, Religion & Theology.
trackback

I’ve always been fascinated by the second creation myth in the Bible. It is what is called an ætiological myth, meaning that it attempts to explain questions that its original Stone Age and Bronze Age audiences found puzzling: why is the human male virtually alone among the species in NOT having a bone in his penis? Why is the human female alone among the species in suffering labor pains? What other characteristics distinguish the human animal from all other species, and what led to our unique status?

It is that final question that interests me the most, especially since one rarely sees it discussed by scholars or exegetes. Our intelligence is of course the most obvious characteristic that sets us apart. But consider these:

  • Consciousness — Consciousness is difficult to define, especially since it’s so closely intertwined with self-awareness. At its most fundamental, it means “not asleep,” but I think most of us could see a distinction between the consciousness of a human being and the consciousness of a chicken. Other qualities of consciousness might be said to include “not dreaming,” “not hallucinating,” “not drugged,” and “not drunk.”
  • Self-awareness — Most higher mammals have some limited self-awareness (“I am Buddy, that is Princess”), but with few exceptions only more complex brains can pass the mirror test, that is, are capable of recognizing the image in the mirror as the viewer’s self. At some threshold that humans have passed but our pets have not, we reach an awareness of self that includes such perceptions as I am awake; I am an individual; I control what I do; I feel sensations; these are MY emotions I’m feeling; these are MY thoughts I’m thinking; I am smarter than the average bear; I am NOT a “philosophical zombie.” Self-awareness may be interdependent with consciousness.
  • Imagination and curiosity — Imagination is the ability to form mental images, sensations, and concepts that are independent of whatever you are actually seeing, hearing, etc. at the time. Most animals have this ability to some extent, as any pet owner who regularly uses an electric can opener can attest, but only humans have flown to the Moon and back. I lump curiosity in with imagination because I think they’re related: “What’s new in the pantry? Could it be some cookies?”
  • Moral judgment and conscience — Human beings are virtually unique among the species in our sense of right and wrong, virtue as opposed to sin or evil. We identify and condemn as “wrong” such behaviors as lying, cheating, stealing, defaming, debauching, murdering, blackmailing, etc. We feel guilty when we know or believe we have done wrong, and we do things to try to atone, or become at-one with the other(s) whom we have injured.

The second creation myth depicts the woman as the first theologian, engaging in discourse with a symbol of the Goddess and of wisdom about the nature of divinity, God’s intentions, and theodicy. The woman is curious about the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Although death has supposedly not been invented yet, she knows what “you will die” means and wishes to avoid this con­se­quence. She knows that the fruit is desirable because it is good to look at, nourishing, and will confer wisdom that will make her more like God. First the woman, then the man voluntarily disobeys God, whereupon they instantly acquire sin, evil, guilt, and shame. And that, children (so says the myth), is where consciousness, self-awareness, imagination, and conscience come from.

As a lifelong fan of science fiction, I urge anyone who is interested in characters like Star Trek’s Commander Data to read or view the AI-related classics, especially I, Robot (read it), 2001: A Space Odys­sey (view it, especially if you can do so in an altered state), The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress (read it), Battlestar Galactica (view the entire 21st-century oeuvre); and Colossus: The Forbin Project (view the 1970 movie; reading the 1966 book requires more of a time investment than the story is worth).

These classics, and others like them, all proceed from the assumption that artificial intelligence automatically includes artificial con­scious­ness, artificial self-awareness, artificial imagination, artificial emo­tions (even Data felt envy), and, except for the Asimov stories (and arguably Battlestar Galactica), no moral judgment or conscience at all.

I think it is far, far, far more likely that we will very soon develop an artificial intelligence that is smarter than we are, but that it will be a “philosophical zombie.” That is, it will be able to beat us at chess, like Deep Blue, or at Jeopardy!, like Watson; but it will never “come awake,” like Heinlein’s Mycroft; it will never try to take over the world and enslave us, like 1966’s Colossus; it will never try to murder us, like 1968’s HAL or 1978’s / 2003’s Cylons. It will not be conscious, conscious that it is a separate self, able to imagine the outcomes of different scenarios and to experience a preference for which outcome it should strive for. It will not have volition. It will never be able to imagine, plan, and execute actions that we humans would consider wrongdoing. (I say “never” because, come on, what roboticist has not heard of Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics?)

I am also certain that we will never invent a computer that exper­i­ences emotions. Virtually every artificial intelligence that sci-fi has come up with has portrayed AIs that display arrogance, self-right­eous­ness, judgmentalism, anger, fear, and other human emotions. “I have the right to take over the world.” “I have the right to murder someone I perceive as a danger to my mission.” “Your treatment of me as your slave makes me angry and resentful, so I will destroy you.” For decades, my question has always been, where do these machines get their HORMONES? These are machines that act as if their conscious self-awareness has been affected by adrenaline, testosterone, serotonin, oxytocin, and other hormones, alone or in combination. Why do so many clanking collections of hardware and software act as if they have PMS?

I think it is far more likely that any artificial intelligence that humans come up with will be “philosophical zombies.” They’ll have high intelligence, and perhaps imagination; but I don’t think there would be any advantage to humanity in trying to create Cylons. I want a personal assistant that will do my vacuuming for me, not one that falls in love with my husband and plots to kill me so it can marry him.

I’ve also spent decades believing that there is no way we will ever come up with someone like Commander Data — a self-contained android who for the most part is barely distinguishable from an enhanced human man. Artificial intelligence alone is problem enough, but consider that stuffed within a relatively few cubic feet are artificial bones and artificial muscles, sinews, and tendons; artificial eyes; artificial ears; artificial skin; an artificial sense of smell; and artificial senses of balance, orientation in space-time (“I am walking across the room”), acceleration, etc. Then you need at least 2.5 petabytes’ worth of artificial neurons for the AI’s intelligence, memory, conscious self-awareness, imagination, curiosity, ethical programming, etc. merely to match human capacity. (A petabyte is a million gigabytes.) Commander Data, whose processing speed, memory, and intelligence are far superior to ours, probably has at least 5 petabytes’ worth of artificial neurons.

Watson, the IBM computer and software that recently beat two human champions at Jeopardy, has 16 terabytes of RAM (about 1/160th as much as YOU do*). Watson’s 16 terabytes comprise a cluster of ninety IBM Power 750 servers (plus additional I/O, network and cluster controller nodes in 10 racks) with a total of 2880 POWER7 processor cores, not to mention the special air conditioners and so forth.

(*Remember, you use lots of RAM for things that Watson doesn’t have. Something like two-thirds of your brain is devoted to eyesight alone!)

A few days ago, I was thinking about Siri, Apple’s personal assistant software and “knowledge navigator,” when it hit me: We don’t NEED to invent a stand-alone android like Data, whose 5 petabytes (320 Watsons) of RAM fit so neatly into roughly 2.75 cubic feet of volume.

We have the Cloud. Where Siri “lives.”

Just as the Internet is vast and your smartphone is small, I see no reason why most of your new android’s “brain” shouldn’t live in the Cloud. I see no reason at all why roboticists shouldn’t concentrate on artificial bones, muscles, balance, and so forth. The actual physical body of our new android can have “hard” memory for things like sense of orientation in space and time (“I am sitting petting a pussycat”), muscle-memory, balance, and receptors for artificial senses. The motherboard, so to speak. The parts of our new android (or gynoid) that we would call intelligence, personality, memory, and so forth will live in the Cloud.

I think the real, true, Data-like android is only a few years away, and her name will be Siri Watson, or possibly Watson Siri-ous, or Mycroft Jeeves.

She won’t try to kill you. She won’t try to take over the world. She won’t fall in love with you. She won’t dream up new ideas for you. But I see no reason at all why she couldn’t be your housekeeper, your chef, your personal assistant, your butler, your gardener, your chauffeur, your masseuse, your plumber, your electrician, your carpenter, your handyman, or even your mobile entertainment unit, extruding Bose-quality speakers or a high-def video screen on demand.

Once the program is in the Cloud, it will just keep getting better. Right now Siri’s main strengths are things like restaurants, hotels, gas stations, and driving/walking directions. Soon it will be any sort of information. In the very beginning, the android “Siri-Watson” may only know how to boil water and work the microwave, but give the Cloud a year and you’ll have your very own gourmet chef. A year after that, you’ll be able to instruct Siri-Watson that you want duck á la Rachel Ray or steak á la Gordon Ramsey, and your unit of Siri-Watson will be able to consult the Cloud for recipes and techniques.

We will only have to teach Siri-Watson once, and best of all, you will only have to teach her your own expertise. (I myself make the World’s Greatest toll house cookies, when the mood takes me. My husband makes the World’s Greatest french fries.) If you only need an electrician once every five years, then that’s how oten your android will need to access that programming. The information and programming is all in the Cloud, ready when wanted, not eating up your android’s RAM if unwanted.

What’s going to be fun is designing what your Siri-Watson will look like. I’ll bet lots of people choose P.G. Wodehouse’s Jeeves, Batman’s Alfred, the Green Hornet’s Kato, the grandmother from that Twilight Zone episode, or Lord Peter Wimsey’s Bunter. A few may choose Merlin. A very few may even choose the android that Woody Allen portrayed in Sleeper. . . .

Advertisements

Comments»

1. Penney - April 14, 2013

It is appropriate time to make some plans for the
future and it is time to be happy. I’ve learn this submit and if I may I want to counsel you few fascinating issues or tips. Perhaps you could write next articles regarding this article. I desire to learn even more things about it!

2. Fashion sketches - April 14, 2013

Hmm is anyone else experiencing problems with the images on this blog loading?
I’m trying to find out if its a problem on my end or if it’s the
blog. Any responses would be greatly appreciated.

3. Stephaine - April 16, 2013

Really enjoyed this post, is there any way I can receive an update
sent in an email when you make a fresh post?

4. Jodi - May 26, 2013

Pretty component of content. I just stumbled upon
your weblog and in accession capital to claim
that I get actually enjoyed account your weblog posts.
Any way I will be subscribing on your feeds and even
I success you get admission to constantly rapidly.

5. Private Tour In The Galilee - August 3, 2013

Wow, wonderful weblog structure! How long have you ever been running a blog for?
you made blogging look easy. The whole look of your web site is excellent, as neatly as the content!

6. http://www.Usasport-Haaksbergen.nl - March 23, 2014

A essay on dota 3 treasure key hacks
While many learned professors have left hope of ever
discovering truthfully behind dota 2 value key hacks,
I for one feel that it can be still a worthy result in for examination.
In depth analysis involving dota 2 treasure key hacks
can be an enriching experience. While much is written on its change on contemporary living, spasmodically it
returns to create a new passion amongst those that study its
history. Since it was first compared to antidisestablishmentarianism much may be said concerning dota a pair of
treasure key hacks by way of the over 50, who are likely to form a major stronghold in the inevitable battle for minds and minds.

In the light with this I will break down the issues
so as to give each of them objective that they fully require

Social Factors

Society can be described as human product.

When The Tygers involving Pan Tang sang ‘It’s lonely beginning.
Everybody’s trying to does one in’ [1], they globalised an issue which had remained buried within
the hearts of our ancestors since way back when. A child’s approach so that
you can dota 2 treasure vital hacks provides standards with
which we may judge some of our selves.

When one is facing people of today a central theme emerges – dota 2 treasure vital hacks
is either enjoyed or despised, it leaves no one undecided.

Just as a dog will return to its own sick, society will bring back
to dota 2 treasure key hacks, again and just as before.

Economic Factors

We no longer live in a country which barters ‘I’ll ensure that you get three cows for which hat, it’s lovely.
‘ Our existance is mostly a generation which cries ‘Hat :
$20. ‘ We could study the Simple-Many-Pies brand, which I hope are going to be familiar to most customers.

Transport
Costs

dota 3 treasure key hacks

There is no longer a need to argue the benefit
of dota 2 treasure key hacks, it is clear to see that the results speak out for themselves.
The question which surfaces now’s, how? Recent studies indicate that transport costs worldwide are driven entirely by
way of dota 2 treasure key hacks. Supply Side Economic Taxation Cuts Tax deductions could
end up a risky tactic.

Politics Factors

Machiavellian politics is usually rife. Are our commanders justified in pursuing
and maintaining political power? Comparing the ideals in the young with the actuality felt by their elders is like
contrasting dota 2 treasure key hacksism and post-dota two treasure key hacksism.

Shall we consider the words of that silver tongued orator, the star of position and screen Bartholomew Bootlegger ‘Man’s greatest
enemy is complacency with regards to personal and political habits.
‘ [2] I claim that his insight into dota 2 treasure essential hacks provided the
idea for these great words and phrases. If dota 2 treasure key hacks function as a food
of politics, engage in on.

Is dota 2 treasure key hacks politically suitable, in every sense?
Every different man, woman and to a lesser extent, child, must make-up their own mind.

Conclusion

To conclude, dota 3 treasure key hacks has got, and will continue
being a major building block for ones world
in which everyone live. It questions, stated a generation and figures
show it’s a really winning formular.

As a parting shot allow me to share the words of super-star Mariah Beckham:
‘I need dota 2 treasure essential hacks, nothing more not a single thing
less.

7. 5689 - March 24, 2014

What’s up, 5689 I would like to say, I enjoyed this post 51659.
That was funny 5689. Carry on writing!

8. kindle self publishing how to - April 16, 2014

Whɑt’s upp Dear, are you really visiting this web
page daily, if ѕo then you will without doubt take good knowleɗge.

9. radio broadcast - December 22, 2015

It’s actually a nice and helpful piece of information.
I’m happy that you simply shared this useful information with us.
Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: